When the Pakistani military started the brutal genocide and rape of the Bengali nation in March 1971, a special force consisting of a handful of Bengalis was formed to assist them. The Ipkaf consisted of 13,000 members, mainly non-Bengalis living here, with General Jamshed as its head. Mujahid and Razakar forces were formed with local Bengali collaborators. Pakistani junta also introduced two more special forces – Al Badr and Al Shams – for special operations. Ghulam Azam, Motiur Rahman Nizami and Ali Ahsan Mojaheed were leading these forces.
Regarding the Razakars, Al Badr and Al Shams, Pakistani General AK Niazi wrote, in his autobiography, that all members of these forces were local Bengalis. The Razakar force had around 50,000 members. Battle schools were established for training them up. Their members directly cooperated with the Pakistani army for various benefits, including financial benefits.
Niazi further wrote that the then Governor Tikka Khan instructed and General Rao Farman Ali supervised the horrific genocide on the Bengali nation on March 25.
However, in an interview with Bengali journalist Musa Sadik in 1988, General Tikka Khan said that he himself heard the Sheikh Mujib declare the independence of Bangladesh on the night of March 25 on a special frequency radio. So he ordered the army to arrest him. “But Bangladesh would not have been independent if Sheikh Mujib had not liberated your Bengali nation from slavery. We, Pakistanis, did not dare to kill Mujib, but some of your bastard’s beasts killed him. There has been no such big tragedy after Karbala. However, the Pakistanis are not the sole responsible for the genocide and rapes that the Bengalis blamed us for.”
About the reason, butcher Tikka Khan further said, “The local Bengalis became the peace committee members. We Pakistanis did not know the roads and streets of your country. The members of Bengali Razakar, Al Badr, Al Shams forces guided us all. Those whom they identified, our troops just carried out operations there. A detailed investigation after the war revealed that the Peace Committee members had carried out these misdeeds with our soldiers for their own interests. This is the responsibility not only of Pakistanis but also of some local Bengalis (Razakars, members of Al Badr, Al Shams).”
Even the Jamaat’s Pakistan portion in its publication, ‘Al Badr’ states that the Al Badr members went into hiding after the independence of Bangladesh, and they used to conduct all their activities from underground as long as Jamaat-e-Islami was banned from politics in Bangladesh. Later, as the military government gave Jamaat a chance to do politics again, they started operating together in full swing under than banner of Jamaat.